3. HOW DO WE SUSTAIN DEMOCRATIC URBAN GOVERNANCE?
The processes must be designed in such a way that they deliver tangible results and in relatively short periods so that active participation can be sustained. Without results citizens will become disinterested.
Democratic urban governance can only be pursued and impact can only be achieved if a critical mass of citizens (and other role-players) buys-in and participates. To achieve this, citizens need to be able to link their local experience with the broader city-wide experience and need to be sufficiently motivated to act at the city level where benefits to the household are not felt immediately. The process itself should address common public problems.
Participatory governance is complex and dynamic; the partnerships will need to be nurtured, supported and managed by the role-players themselves.
 Mitlin & Sattherthwaite 2004; Purcell, M (2006)
 Fung & Wright (2001)
 Auclair & Jackohango (2009)